This formula supplies the heart tissue with high levels of essential nutrients like Taurine, which comprises over 50% of the free amino acid pool of the heart, and Coenzyme Q10, a potent anti-oxidant instrumental in energy production in heart-muscle contraction. Combined with standardized extracts of Hawthorne and Ayurvedic herbs such as Inula racemosa and Terminalia arjuna, the effects are ionotropic and chronotropic to decrease symptoms of CHF, angina, hypertension, and arrhythmias.